Integrated monitoring

The overall aim of the Integrated Monitoring (IM) is to determine and predict the state of the natural ecosystems and its long-term changes, taking into account regional variability and air pollution, in particular the effects of sulfur and nitrogen compounds and ozone as well as persistent organic pollutants (POS) and heavy metals. The results are compared with the indicators of monitoring stations in other European countries, which allows a widespread generalization of the monitoring results of different countries and the identification of similar trends.

Arrangement. The International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems was launched at the Nordic Initiative in 1988 to study long-range transboundary air pollution under the Geneva Convention. In 16 countries in Europe, 50 observation areas take part in the monitoring. There are 25 different subprogrammes for IM surveys. Integrated Monitoring is organized in accordance with a manual prepared by experts from various countries and is available on the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) website.

The Integrated Monitoring is coordinated and the data in the international database collected by the Integrated Monitoring Programme Centre (ICP IM Programme Centre) of SYKE.

Integrated Monitoring in Estonia is carried out since 1994 in two sites – Vilsandi Island (biomonitoring area) and Saarejärve (intensive monitoring area, Jõgevamaa).

  • The following subprogrammes are carried out in the Vilsandi monitoring area: Meteorology, Air Chemistry, Precipitation Chemistry, Metal Chemistry of Mosses, Throughfall, Stemflow, Soil Chemistry, Soil Water Chemistry, Foliage Chemistry, Litterfall Chemistry, Vegetation, Trunk Epiphytes, Bioelements and Indication, Microbial Decomposition.
  • Subprogrammes carried out in the Saarejärve monitoring area: Meteorology, Air Chemistry, Precipitation Chemistry, Surface Water Chemistry, Throughfall, Stemflow, Soil Water Chemistry, Microbial Decomposition, Trunk Epiphytes, Metal Chemistry of Mosses, Soil Chemistry, Foliage Chemistry, Litterfall Chemistry, Vegetation, Bioelements and Indication.
IM schema

IM in Estonia is organized by Estonian Environmental Research Centre; the results of the monitoring analyzes are transmitted to the SYKE Integrated Monitoring Programme Centre.

Monitoring information in Estonian is available on the Environment Agency and the Environmental Monitoring websites. Annual reports of European monitoring stations are available on the SYKE website.

References