Why do we need Strategy on Adaptation to the Climate Change?
Changes in climate are being felt in Europe and around the world. The average global temperature, which is already 0.8 deg C higher than pre-industrial average, is constantly increasing.
As a result of climate change, sea and land temperatures will rise, as will change the amount of precipitation, intensity and distribution, which will in turn contribute to the rise in the average sea level and danger of coastal erosion around the world. There will be alterations in natural processes, glaciers will melt, certain areas (including in Europe) will face increasing water shortages and expansion of desertification.
In accordance with various scenarios, frequency of extreme weather events will increase, which in all probability will result in higher frequency of severe weather-related natural disasters. The change in water levels, extreme precipitations, and extreme temperatures affect agriculture, and consequently, in turn, functioning of the food supply, health care, industry, transport and other infrastructure, and the integrity of the ecosystem.
Climate change has significant economic and social consequences, which are more serious in certain regions and sectors. The effects of climate change are expected to be more serious on certain groups of society, such as the elderly, people with disabilities and low-income households. But even if we manage to first limit and then reduce greenhouse gas emissions, it’s going to take time before our planet recovers from the greenhouse gases already emitted into the atmosphere.
Therefore, we will face the impacts of climate change for at least the next 50 years, and must take adaptation measures.