Estonian Marine StrategyEstonian Marine Strategy

Developing the programme of measures for the Estonian marine area in compliance with the requirements of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive, including feasibility study on using LNG as an alternative ship fuel to reduce pollution



Distribution of Estonian marine area. Source: Initial Assessment report of environmental status of Estonian marine area.


The project is expected to result in an improved management system to address the pressures that affect the marine environment. For this a marine strategy, which is compliant with the MSFD, will be developed for Estonia. The strategy will consist of a monitoring programme and a programme of measures.

The current monitoring programme does not fully cover the requirements of the MSFD. As a result of the project a monitoring programme will be developed, which will cover the whole Estonian marine area (the coverage of the monitoring programme will increase) and is coherent with those of the neighbouring countries sharing the same marine area (the monitoring methods will become consistent across the marine region or subregion and relevant transboundary impacts and transboundary features will be taken account). In addition the new programme will introduce new qualitative descriptors such as marine litter as well as energy and underwater noise and permanent alteration of hydrographical conditions will be integrated into the monitoring programme. The current data collection strategy and coverage will be modernized to ensure time and spatial representativeness of monitoring data and adequacy to the set goals.

Secondly, in the framework of this project a programme of measures will be developed to managing the Estonian marine area. It means that as a result of the project a proposal of measures will be elaborated to achieve, improve or maintain good environmental status of marine waters. The proposed programme of measures will gather all already separately existing measures and new measures into one action programme of measures. Before implementing the measures an impact assessment including a cost benefit analysis of measures will be carried out during this project. The programme of measures the project will result in will also describe the plan how to implement the measures and how they will contribute to achieving the established environmental targets.

The proposed monitoring programme and programme of measures will be made public and this will give information to all interested parties and the opportunity to be involved into the development process.

As a third result of the current project a technical and economic feasibility study and environmental impact assessment of using Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as ship fuel will be carried out. This kind of study has not been carried out in Estonia before. The results of this project will give us the information on the feasibility to use LNG as a ship fuel.

The direct results from the project are expected to be: